AFCAT Syllabus

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The Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT) is conducted by the Indian Air Force to select candidates for various branches, including Flying Branch, Ground Duty (Technical), and Ground Duty (Non-Technical). The syllabus for AFCAT is divided into four main sections:

1. **General Awareness**
2. **Verbal Ability in English**
3. **Numerical Ability**
4. **Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test**

Here’s a detailed breakdown of each section:

### 1. General Awareness
– **Current Affairs**: National and international current events
– **History**: Indian history and freedom movement
– **Geography**: Indian and world geography, physical, social, and economic geography of India and the world
– **Civics**: Indian polity and constitution
– **Basic Science**: General science and everyday science
– **Defence**: Basic information about the Indian Armed Forces
– **Sports**: Important sports events, awards, and personalities
– **Art and Culture**: Major events, art forms, and literature

### 2. Verbal Ability in English
– **Comprehension**: Reading passages and answering questions
– **Error Detection**: Identifying grammatical errors in sentences
– **Sentence Completion**: Completing sentences logically
– **Synonyms and Antonyms**: Understanding and identifying words with similar or opposite meanings
– **Vocabulary**: Knowledge of a wide range of vocabulary
– **Idioms and Phrases**: Understanding common idiomatic expressions
– **Cloze Test**: Filling in the blanks in a passage logically
– **Basic Grammar**: Parts of speech, tenses, subject-verb agreement, etc.

### 3. Numerical Ability
– **Number System**: Basic number theory
– **Decimal Fraction**: Conversion and operations with fractions and decimals
– **Time and Work**: Problems on work efficiency and time management
– **Percentage**: Calculations involving percentages
– **Ratio and Proportion**: Solving problems involving ratios and proportions
– **Simple and Compound Interest**: Interest calculations
– **Profit and Loss**: Basic profit and loss calculations
– **Average**: Mean, median, and mode
– **Time and Distance**: Problems involving speed, distance, and time
– **Mixtures and Alligations**: Solving mixture problems

### 4. Reasoning and Military Aptitude Test
– **Verbal Skills**: Analogies, coding-decoding, series, and odd one out
– **Spatial Ability**: Pattern recognition and spatial reasoning
– **Logical Reasoning**: Deductive and inductive reasoning, statements and conclusions, and logical sequences
– **Non-Verbal Reasoning**: Puzzles, figure series, and pattern completion
– **Mental Ability**: Questions on basic logical and analytical reasoning

### AFCAT Technical Branch (EKT) Syllabus

For candidates applying for the Ground Duty (Technical) branch, the Engineering Knowledge Test (EKT) is also required. The EKT syllabus includes:

– **Mechanical Engineering**
  – Thermodynamics
  – Fluid Mechanics
  – Manufacturing Science
  – Machine Drawing
  – Engineering Mechanics
  – Aerodynamics
  – Material Science
  – Automotive Engineering

– **Electrical and Electronics Engineering**
  – Electrical Machines
  – Power Electronics
  – Digital Electronics
  – Control Systems
  – Communication Systems
  – Microwave Engineering
  – Radar Theory

– **Computer Science Engineering**
  – Data Structures
  – Operating Systems
  – Computer Networks
  – Database Management
  – Software Engineering
  – Network Security

The EKT paper includes questions from the specific engineering discipline chosen by the candidate.

### Study Tips
– **Stay Updated**: Regularly read newspapers and current affairs magazines.
– **Practice Regularly**: Solve previous years’ question papers and take mock tests.
– **Build a Strong Foundation**: Focus on basic concepts in mathematics and reasoning.
– **Improve Vocabulary**: Read English newspapers, books, and practice vocabulary exercises.
– **Time Management**: Practice managing your time efficiently during the exam.

This comprehensive syllabus should help you prepare effectively for the AFCAT exam.